The African Gray Parrot, Psittacus erithacus, is a medium-sized parrot native to Africa. They are listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. African Grays are often kept and bred in captivity, known for their intelligence and ability as a talking bird.


The African Gray is about 1 foot long, with an 18 to 20-inch wingspan and weight of approximately 0.89 of a pound. They are predominantly a light-to-medium shade of gray, with white-rimmed feathers around the neck and darker wingtips. The distinguishing mark is the red tail plumage - bright in the Congo African Gray and darker maroon in the Timneh African Gray. The feet are also a grayish hue, while the patch of bare facial skin is almost white. The large beak is very dark gray or black.

Intelligence Edit

The African Gray is known for being smart. Most of these birds learn an expansive vocabulary, and can use them in real-life instances (ie, saying "food" if they get hungry).